Book Image

React Design Patterns and Best Practices. - Second Edition

Book Image

React Design Patterns and Best Practices. - Second Edition

Overview of this book

React is an adaptable JavaScript library for building complex UIs from small, detached bits called components. This book is designed to take you through the most valuable design patterns in React, helping you learn how to apply design patterns and best practices in real-life situations. You’ll get started by understanding the internals of React, in addition to covering Babel 7 and Create React App 2.0, which will help you write clean and maintainable code. To build on your skills, you will focus on concepts such as class components, stateless components, and pure components. You'll learn about new React features, such as the context API and React Hooks that will enable you to build components, which will be reusable across your applications. The book will then provide insights into the techniques of styling React components and optimizing them to make applications faster and more responsive. In the concluding chapters, you’ll discover ways to write tests more effectively and learn how to contribute to React and its ecosystem. By the end of this book, you will be equipped with the skills you need to tackle any developmental setbacks when working with React. You’ll be able to make your applications more flexible, efficient, and easy to maintain, thereby giving your workflow a boost when it comes to speed, without reducing quality.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Free Chapter
Section 1: Hello React!
Section 2: How React works
Section 3: Performance, Improvements and Production!

Higher order components

In the previous section, we saw how mixins are useful for sharing functionalities between components and the problems that they bring to our applications.

In the Functional Programming section of Chapter 2, Clean Up Your Code, we mentioned the concept of higher order functions (HoFs), which are functions that, given a function, enhance it with some extra behaviors, returning a new one.

Let's see if we can apply the same concept to React components and achieve our goal of sharing functionalities between components while avoiding the downsides of mixins.

When we apply the idea of HoFs to components, we call this higher order components (HoCs) for brevity.

First of all, let's see what an HoC looks like:

  const HoC = Component => EnhancedComponent;

HoCs are functions that take a component as input and return an enhanced one as the output.