Book Image

Malware Analysis Techniques

By : Dylan Barker
Book Image

Malware Analysis Techniques

By: Dylan Barker

Overview of this book

Malicious software poses a threat to every enterprise globally. Its growth is costing businesses millions of dollars due to currency theft as a result of ransomware and lost productivity. With this book, you'll learn how to quickly triage, identify, attribute, and remediate threats using proven analysis techniques. Malware Analysis Techniques begins with an overview of the nature of malware, the current threat landscape, and its impact on businesses. Once you've covered the basics of malware, you'll move on to discover more about the technical nature of malicious software, including static characteristics and dynamic attack methods within the MITRE ATT&CK framework. You'll also find out how to perform practical malware analysis by applying all that you've learned to attribute the malware to a specific threat and weaponize the adversary's indicators of compromise (IOCs) and methodology against them to prevent them from attacking. Finally, you'll get to grips with common tooling utilized by professional malware analysts and understand the basics of reverse engineering with the NSA's Ghidra platform. By the end of this malware analysis book, you’ll be able to perform in-depth static and dynamic analysis and automate key tasks for improved defense against attacks.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Section 1: Basic Techniques
Section 2: Debugging and Anti-Analysis – Going Deep
Section 3: Reporting and Weaponizing Your Findings
Section 4: Challenge Solutions

Understanding MITRE's ATT&CK framework

The ATT&CK framework built by MITRE attempts to achieve a consistent way to describe adversarial behaviors on a network or system by breaking down and naming each stage of an attack by the goal that the attacker is trying to achieve – these are called tactics. In a moment, we'll define each of these.

Additionally, within each ATT&CK tactic, there are techniques that can be utilized to achieve this end. For instance, tactic execution – or executing a piece of malicious code – may be achieved using Windows Management Instrumentation. This would be the technique for the tactic. In this example, the full MITRE description would be Execution via Windows Management Instrumentation.

Tactics – building a kill chain

As previously described, within the ATT&CK framework, there are 10 tactics – or stages – to an attack. We'll utilize the next space to go through each of these...