Book Image

Python Parallel Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Giancarlo Zaccone
Book Image

Python Parallel Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Giancarlo Zaccone

Overview of this book

<p>Nowadays, it has become extremely important for programmers to understand the link between the software and the parallel nature of their hardware so that their programs run efficiently on computer architectures. Applications based on parallel programming are fast, robust, and easily scalable. </p><p> </p><p>This updated edition features cutting-edge techniques for building effective concurrent applications in Python 3.7. The book introduces parallel programming architectures and covers the fundamental recipes for thread-based and process-based parallelism. You'll learn about mutex, semaphores, locks, queues exploiting the threading, and multiprocessing modules, all of which are basic tools to build parallel applications. Recipes on MPI programming will help you to synchronize processes using the fundamental message passing techniques with mpi4py. Furthermore, you'll get to grips with asynchronous programming and how to use the power of the GPU with PyCUDA and PyOpenCL frameworks. Finally, you'll explore how to design distributed computing systems with Celery and architect Python apps on the cloud using PythonAnywhere, Docker, and serverless applications. </p><p> </p><p>By the end of this book, you will be confident in building concurrent and high-performing applications in Python.</p>
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Title Page
Dedication

Using a process pool

The process pool mechanism allows the execution of a function across multiple input values to be parallelized, distributing the input data between processes. The process pool, therefore, allows implementing the so-called data parallelism that is based on the distribution of data through the different processes that operate on data in parallel.

Getting ready

The multiprocessing library provides the Pool class for simple parallel processing tasks.

The Pool class has the following methods:

  • apply(): This blocks until the result is ready.
  • apply_async(): This is a variant of the apply() (https://docs.python.org/2/library/functions.html#apply) method, which returns a result object. It is an asynchronous...